Minimally Invasive Scoliosis Correction
Minimally Invasive Scoliosis Correction is a procedure in which surgery is performed through a few small incisions rather than one long incision. A thin, telescope-like instrument with a tiny video camera called an endoscope is inserted through one of the small incisions. The inserted endoscope provides the surgeon with internal images of the patient’s body onto a television screen in the operating room. These images and X-ray images from fluoroscope positioned around the patient guide the surgeon to perform the surgery through small incisions. The use of endoscope and fluoroscope improves visualization of the chest cavity and spinal column and allows greater flexibility for placement of the instrumentation in the spine.
Less invasive surgical techniques such as use of a series of sequential dilators to dilate the muscles without cutting them and a retractor to create a small tunnel to view the spine are also used, resulting in less trauma to the surrounding muscles and tissue. This results in:
- A few small scars rather than one large scar
- Less blood loss during surgery
- Less postoperative pain
- Shorter hospital stay
- Reduced risk of infection
- Shorter recovery time with quicker return to daily activities, including work
Minimally invasive scoliosis surgery is not appropriate for every patient. Your doctor will determine the right approach for you depending on the type of scoliosis, location of the curvature of spine, ease of approach to the area of the curve, among other factors.